STORAGE CONTAINERS

Dry goods may be stored in several types of storage containers:

PLASTIC
1. Plastic should be food grade plastic. Buckets should be HDPE. Bottles should be PETE or PET.
2. Opaque containers are preferable to translucent or transparent containers.
3. The containers must be air tight. Buckets should have a rubber gasket in the lid. PETE bottles should have a soft rubbery surface in the lid, not paper.
4. Containers should not be in direct contact with the floor and should be stored away from sun light.
5. Used containers may be utilized for storage if they previously stored food, no odor persists from the previous contents, and if lids still seal air tight (gaskets should be intact).
6. Plastic containers should not be stored in areas with gasoline, paint thinner, paint rags, etc., as fumes from these may penetrate the containers and contaminate the food.
7. Plastic should be used with caution in areas infested with large rodents that might chew through the containers.

METAL
1. The lids and containers should be air tight. Side seams should have a continuous weld. Cans with "paint lip" lids are best. Containers or lids that are not air tight should be taped with duct tape to make them air tight.
2. Containers should be stored so that air circulates under them.
3. In high humidity areas, the cans should be painted with a rust inhibiting paint.
4. Large metal garbage cans and drums are generally too large to be convenient storage containers.

OTHER
1. Plastic bags are not effective for long term storage of dry goods. Also, they are not necessary as liners in other storage containers. Colored bags may "bleed" chemicals into the food.
2. Cardboard boxes and barrels or paper bags are not effective for long term storage because they are not air or moisture tight nor pest resistant.
3. Glass jars can be used if stored away from light, lids are tight, and jars can be kept from breaking.
4. Mylar bags are effective if an oxygen absorber is used or if they are vacuum packed. Bags should be 7 ml thick to avoid puncturing from minor abrasion and to protect from rodents.


CONTAINER SIZE CHART

CONTAINER  Pounds of Food Container Will Hold
SIZE  GROUP 1  GROUP 2  GROUP 3  GROUP 4
1 gallon  7 lbs  5 lbs  4 lbs  3 lbs
2 gallon  15 lbs  10 lbs  8 lbs  6 lbs
4 gallon  30 lbs  20 lbs  15 lbs  13 lbs
5 gallon  35 lbs  25 lbs  20 lbs  15 lbs
6.5 gallons  50 lbs  30 lbs  25 lbs  20 lbs
13 gallon  100 lbs  60 lbs  50 lbs  40 lbs
30 gallon  225 lbs  150 lbs  120 lbs  90 lbs
55 gallon  400 lbs  275 lbs  225 lbs  160 lbs

Group 1: Wheat, beans, rice, sugar, grains
Group 2: Non-instant powdered milk, flour
Group 3: Oatmeal, macaroni, spaghetti
Group 4: Instant powdered milk, potato flakes