CFD Publications

Home Up Search

Fuel Facts and Figures


To Order
Preparedness Info
Recipe of the Month
Recipe Archives
Reference Links
Commercial Links
Book Reviews
Reading and Reference
Cheryl's Talks
Blog Links


CANDLES: 3/4" diameter x 4" burns about 2 hrs. 20 min.; 7/8" diameter x 4" burns about 5 hrs.; 2" diameter x 9" burns about 7 hrs. per inch.  Store candles in a cool area. Store at least 3 candles per day.

CANNED HEAT: Stores easily and can be used indoors. A 7-ounce can burns about 1-1/2 hours. It will evaporate over long periods of time, especially if stored in a warm environment.

FLASHLIGHT: 2-battery with new batteries will run continuously for 6 hours. Store in a cool area. Many brands of batteries now have expiration dates on the package.

OIL: Emergency candles can be made from cooking oil. Take a piece of string, lay one end in cooking oil in a dish and allow the other end to hang over the edge. Light the dry end. Use 7 to 8 strings for more light. These are very smoky and should be used only when nothing else is available.

LAMP OIL (liquid paraffin): Ultra Pure lamp oil burns longer and cleaner than regular lamp oil. It is sootless, smokeless and odorless and the cleanest burning fuel, but one of the most expensive. Liquid paraffin burns 1/2 ounce per hour on average and can be used indoors. Store at or near room temperature for an indefinite shelf life. Protect from freezing. Frozen oil that defrosts too quickly is explosive.

NEWSPAPER LOGS: Four logs burn approximately 1 hour and produce heat comparable to the same amount of wood on a pound-for-pound basis.

CHARCOAL: Use for outdoor cooking only. Store in moisture resistant containers to keep dry. When used in a foil oven, use 1 briquette for every 40 degrees of temperature desired. For Dutch oven cooking, use the oven size in inches plus 3 briquettes on top and the oven size in inches minus 3 briquettes on the bottom for 350 - 375oF heat.

KEROSENE: With a 1" wick, a kerosene lantern will burn for 45 hours on 1 quart. Burning 5 hours each day, the following amounts of kerosene would be used: Per day, 1/9 qt.; per month, 3-1/3 qts.; per year, 10 gallons. Kerosene is one of the least expensive liquid fuels. It stores for long periods and can be used indoors with good ventilation. To avoid the kerosene smell, start and extinguish lanterns outside.

WHITE GAS: To burn a 2 mantel lantern 5 hours a day, the following amounts of white gas would be used: Per day 5/12 qt.; per month, 3-1/8 gallons; per year, 38 gallons. For a two-burner stove burning 4 hours per day, the following amounts would be used: Per day, 1 qt.; per month, 7-1/2 gallons; per year, 91 gallons. White gas is the most costly and should be used outdoors.

PROPANE: Propane is very portable. It may be used indoors with good ventilation IF the equipment is made for indoor use. However, propane grills and camp stoves should only be used outdoors. Propane should be stored outdoors. Butane, another LPG gas, can be used indoors with good ventilation and is safe to store.



How to Assemble and Light an Aladdin Oil Lamp



Send mail to with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright 2004 - 2013 Cheryl Driggs
Last modified: 07/15/2013